CBD, short for cannabidiol, is a chemical compound from the Cannabis Sativa plant otherwise known as hemp or marijuana. CBD doesn’t cause you to get high as most people assume when they hear the word cannabis. That high is caused by a different type of cannabinoid that contains THC or tetrahydrocannabinol.
What do the initials CBD stand for?
The initials CBD stand for the medical abbreviation of cannabidiol, one of the primary active compounds, or cannabinoids, found in cannabis plants.
Where does CBD come from?
CBD is made from cannabinoids found in the cannabis or marijuana plant; whose Latin name is Cannabis Sativa. CBD oil is made by extracting cannabidiol, which is naturally found in hemp plants, then diluting it with a medium, like hemp seed oil or sometimes coconut oil.
There are two common ways of extracting CBD, CO2 extraction and solvent extraction. Here are the short explanations: CO2 extraction uses carbon dioxide to dissolve the membrane of the plant, until it releases its active compounds. Whereas solvent extraction involves soaking raw cannabis in ethanol to pull CBD compound into the solvent. Then the plant material is removed, and the ethanol allowed to evaporate leaving behind the CBD.
Are Hemp and Marijuana the same?
Just like there are different varieties of fruits and vegetables, hemp (Cannabis Sativa) and marijuana (Cannabis Indica) are two varieties of the cannabis plant. CBD is found in both plants, but hemp doesn’t have the psychoactive THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) as the marijuana plant.
The difference between hemp and marijuana is in their chemical makeup. Both plants produce high amounts of CBD, however, they produce THC at very different levels. While hemp can contain no more than 0.3% THC, marijuana can contain up to 30%.
Some producers say the marijuana plant produces the best CBD for therapeutic purposes, while others argue CBD from hemp has just as viable benefits due to its leaves being CBD rich.
Cannabis Sativa or Hemp, also known as industrial hemp is a strain of the Cannabis Sativa plant species that is grown specifically for industrial use. It’s used for making many products like “paper, textiles, clothing, biodegradable plastics, paint, insulation, biofuel, food, and animal feed.” Wikipedia
Cannabis Indica or Marijuana, also known as pot among other urban slang, is a psychoactive drug from the Cannabis plant used for medical or recreational purposes.The main psychoactive part of cannabis is THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), one of the 483 known compounds in the plant, including as many as 65 other cannabinoids.
Will CBD Make Me High?
CBD is NOT a psychotropic (a drug that induces a high). CBD oil doesn’t include Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) which is the main mind-altering psychoactive cannabinoid found in cannabis. If the product you use contains less than 0.3% THC you can’t get high. In fact, CBD has properties that actually block THC and prevent a high feeling. Therefore, it’s very important to do some leg work and make sure you know the source of your CBD. If you don’t live in a state where marijuana has been legalized, you’ll want to make sure your CBD is derived from hemp.